Essay on Biology and Other Life Sciences

The economic and social disruption caused by covid-19 pandemic is devastating as such as the outcomes are still inevitable. And while the impacts keep varying from country to country societies and economies are still affected at the core resulting to an overall impact on the global scale. The uncertainty with the virus is still overwhelming as impacts keep escalating. Nonetheless, day to day activities have to keep running as scientists keep digging deep into the pandemic. Therefore, in my paper I am going to draw conclusions from different authors on how they reviewed the emergence of covid-19, its development and the measures in place to contain the virus.

To begin with, is the report of more than 300, 000 deaths globally due to the pandemic. Yet despite the already confirmed deaths, reported cases have been rapidly increasing in the recent weeks, months. And with the accelerating confirmed cases, the social, personal, behavioral and economic aspects have not been left behind. These crucial areas have left a concern on when and how the covid-19 would end, returning things back to normal. Social activities which included individuals bonding one on one have been reduced, persons have adopted measures in place like putting on masks when in public places and keeping social distance. Most of the data was collected through scientific research and analysis done in relation to the origin of the virus. Also, healthcare providers with the help of laboratories could confirm the death cases to the locals and the central public health department, after which the countries public health department could give exact data to the World Health Organization via the national case surveillance system (Cleo, p 6). Further analysis also showed that the virus had originated from elsewhere despite of crowded markets in Wuhan City contributing to its spread. And in recap, the origin of the virus was linked to the Malayan pangolins which was a close lineage related to SARS-CoV-2.

From the review too, another conclusion that can be drawn is about the threats unto the public health and socio-economic development worldwide due to zoonotic spillover. Zoonotic spillover was as a result of an endangered pangolin species which was the main agent in the spread the virus unto other humans. Initially, lineages related to the SARS-CoV-2 had been identified in Malayan pangolins. This vividly supports the fact that through humans feeding on the pangolins which were being traded in China, zoonotic spillover could take place smoothly from one person to the other. Data was collected through research and analysis done by scientists to prove the above stated conclusion. In addition, the data could easily be traced by the healthcare providers through their laboratories, investigating individual persons from the communities, out-patient, and in-patient services (Cleo, p 12). Notably, the zoonotic spillover could occur through two major processes; natural selection in humans and cycling in animal host. These occurrences couldn’t be detected easily by the public health professionals posing a threat to them. And being that both the public health and the socio-economic development work together, neither aspect is left behind when losses are incurred.

Conclusively, scientists have played a crucial role in digging deeply into the genetic, epidemiological and evolutionary perspective of the SARS-CoV-2 and Covid-19. Amongst, the persons at the forefront being the healthcare workers and laboratories where the tests were being conducted. Suffix to say further research still needs to done to do with the virus and how to combat the adverse effects it has brought.

Work cited
Cleo Anastassopoulou, Russo L, Tsakris A, Siettos C. Data Based Analysis, Modelling and forecasting of the COVID-19 outbreak, 2020 3-15