Racialization begins with understanding the historical background of the Asian American category of people in the United States, this group of people comprises of at least 30 groups. However, the dominant people in the Asian American class are the Chinese, Koreans and Japanese. Within the United States, their cultural, ethnical, and racial differ from that of the Americans. Studies have shown that this group of people do comprise up to 5% of the total population of the Americans. Owing to the absence of laws that govern the immigration for Asian Americans to the US, the majority of them in the year 1965 moved in and settled in the United States (Chang 174). They did this with a variety of reasons key among being to reunite with their family members who were initially there. Besides, they also migrated in large numbers in search of a better educational facility for themselves and sought for working opportunities.
Racialization towards the Asian American has been caused by many factors that have been predetermined not only by history but also the enactment of laws within the United States. Several issues arose due to the immigration of Asian Americans to the United States. Firstly, the immigrants predominantly became a community with occupancy of 76% of all the immigrants (Chang 175). In every 25 Americans, there was a high possibility of an Asian American among them. In this period of predominant immigration, most of them acquired citizenship within the United States. With these people being dominant within the United States, it posed a salience towards their culture.
Social identification of the Asian Americans in the United States has been proven to be less impactful on racialization compared to other races such as Africans. In as much as the Asian American are complaining of racialization in the United States, this level has not been impactful at it has among the African Americans. However, the fact that racism should be uprooted from the society, the extreme measures that the African American face in terms of brutality and violence is impactful than it has been with the Asian Americans. This, however, does not mean that the Asian Americans are much better compared to the African American when it comes to racialization because, in both cases, it a social vice. The intensity of which the Asian American is experiencing racialization is different from the other communities such as the African Americans (Tiongson 306).
Asians cultural values and ethical practices do play a role in the extension of racialization within the United States. Their cultural values and beliefs such as collectivism, family recognition through achievement as well as hierarchical relationships, play an essential role in their racializations (Verma 31). Most of the Americans within the United States do share different cultural and ethical practices that make them different from the Asians. In essence, the Asians are prone to racialization by the difference of cultural beliefs and practices that differ from those of the Americans. This difference among them is what instigates the bitterness that not only the Asians but also the Asian Americans are suffering from in terms of racialization (Verma 42).
The most common sector within which racialization is rampant among the Asian Americans is the healthcare sector, the educational sector and the job sector. According to research, 27% of the Asian American discrimination process comes from the job sector (Tiongson 307). Most complain come when their promotion positions are given to someone else of a different race. Moreover, most of their job applications are being denied within this race. However, 25% of the cases are due to rental discrimination, while 35% are due to education discrimination (Tiongson 308). Most of the Asian Americans are denied access to particular estate due to their ethnic culture. Besides, the more one has educated, the higher the chances of being racially discriminated within the community of Americans. Nevertheless, the healthcare sector has had a fair share of racial discrimination. Asian Americans denial to access to healthcare services and facilities has been eminent among 30% of racialization cases reported (Tiongson 308).
On the national scale, some factors have primarily contributed to racialization among Asian Americans. Political environments have played a key role in racialization among Asian American. Whenever it comes to the political sphere, the sense of belonging of the Asian Americans to either the democrat or republican do influence the discrimination that they face from the majority of the Americans. The feeling of belonging to a particular party, either a democracy or a republican has a direct effect on the cases of racialization within American society.
Most cases have been reported that the law set by the Americas state also does influence racialization. Laws enacted to favor or work in support of the Asian American communities does not have an impact within the American people. With the perpetuation of the “American Dream”, this has instigated that the American is the superior race (Verma 35). In that case, they have a feeling that the laws must make them appear excellent as prompted than other competition. Asian Americans, therefore, do suffer from racialization, which has significantly been contributed by these factors.
Chang, Yi-Ting. “Alien Capital: Asian Racialization And The Logic Of Settler Colonial Capitalism. Iyko Day”. MELUS, vol 43, no. 3, 2018, pp. 174-176. Oxford University Press (OUP), doi:10.1093/melus/mly019.
Tiongson, Antonio T. “Asian American Studies, Comparative Racialization, And Settler Colonial Critique”. Journal Of Asian American Studies, vol 22, no. 3, 2019, pp. 419-443. Project Muse, doi:10.1353/jaas.2019.0030.
Verma, SaunJuhi. “Seasoning Labor: Contemporary South Asian Migrations And The Racialization Of Immigrant Workers”. Journal Of Asian American Studies, vol 22, no. 1, 2019, pp. 31-52. Project Muse, doi:10.1353/jaas.2019.0004.