Cognitive Skills Necessary for Scanning
Scanning integrates excellent visual tracking ability, high levels of attention, and excellent ability to conduct sequence. The user has to recognize the tracking rate accurately to ensure that it is leveraged to suit a situation. Various visual elements, such as shapes, colors, lights, and objects, are easily identified and characterized by users with high perceptive quality. Comparable aspects are also weighed to ensure proper coordination between eye perception and brain interpretation of images and information. The user or trainer has to assess the scope of an associated disability, for example, cerebral palsy, to ensure that proper coordination is used to develop an appropriate scan rate.
The cognitive competencies for scanners ensure that they can make practical decisions on the type of scanning to use. Memory is also an important aspect of scanning in aspects of recall and recognition. Both selective and focused attention is necessary to ensure that users and partners are adequately aware and strategically focused on a selected stimulus for them to concentrate (Levitt & Addison, 2018). Excellent attention allows users not to get distracted by other stimuli, therefore, increasing rates of scanning success. When a stimulus not relevant to the scanning process manifest, a user with excellent attention can intercept the change and shift to the stimulus of value in seconds.
Recall and recognition measure the presence of memories or interactions with a stimulus or a set of information in context. Various techniques employ proper cognitive skills to measure the reaction time when stimuli are activated and when choices are introduced. To conduct a successful scanning process, one must possess good cognitive vigilance to be able to switch through stimuli, choices, and formats. In higher levels, where morse code is used, cognitive excellence allows users to learn and integrate characters essential in rate enhancement and general optimization of the scanning process.
Man with CVA
CVA manifests differently with common issues being mobility, communication, cognition and emotional stress. Depression and social dysfunction are also common psychosocial effects, which consequently affect behavior. Therefore, it is importnt to understand the scope of an effect, such as cognitive ability, before deciding on the type of stimulation to apply. Teaching patients to regain the skills would also help in deciding on the techniques and equipment to utilize. I would train the man to use alternative body sites to relay messages and enhance practice for the development of motor skills. Skills, such as head rotation and leg movements, would require endured training and practice to ensure that he can effectively use the interface. To avert Unilateral Visual Neglect (UVN), I think it would be better to initiate visual exercises to assess and help regain abilities. Cancellation and navigation tasks on print sheets or computer pages would help in visual training. I think static training to dynamic mobility techniques would effectively help train the man to recognize visual elements of occupational therapy. I would also use technological help from computer elements designed to improve motor skills. If computer-based assistance is unavailable, I will use mechanical pointers worn at different body points, such as the head or arm, to promote endurance and practice as recommended by Mulfari, Minnolo & Puliafito (2017). This way, I would capacitate on strengthening muscles essential in an upright posture and motor communication.
Child with Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy in children is associated with various intellectual or learning challenges, communication problems, mobility issues, hearing or vision impairment, and behavioral challenges. A comprehensive assessment is necessary to understand such a child’s abilities and deficiencies. This way, one can capacitate on the strengths and positively use relevant stimuli to train for OT. Additional psychosocial information can be acquired from the family in aspect of behavioral, social, and emotional conduct, which could help me decide on the tests to undertake. Depending on the aspect, it is important to ensure adequate accommodation during assessment and training to enhance skill development. Cerebral palsy requires adequate support and training to develop various body muscles. I would ensure that the child sits in a comfortable posture where he can conveniently undergo visual and auditory tests. I would integrate toys and use verbal training to ask the child to choose items by pressing on the centrally-placed switch. This way, I would enhance the development of cognitive, visual, and motor skills of the child in preparation for actual scanning. I think in training a child with cerebral palsy, gaining interest and adequate participation are essential steps. I would recommend taking into consideration environmental stimuli that the child prefers, in order to choose a control site to train. If the child is aroused by toys, games, sounds or pictures, then I would use traditional orthography using the above modalities.
Approach for Woman with Multiple Sclerosis
In the case of the 45-years old woman, I would use a causal effect to make her understand that she can control various environmental aspects around her, and positively use them to develop better skills. Various psychosocial issues, such as cognitive deficits, emotional imbalances, depression and decreased physical output, which renders patients dependent on their families for social care, are caused by MS in elderly. The aim of rehabilitation is to improve awareness of individual social and psychological state through three main practices: computer training for depression, aerobic exercise to enhance cognitive output, and strategic memory training. I would choose technological tools to enable her to develop motor skills, for example, thumb movement (flexion and extension) through active monitoring and activity repetition. Repetition would enhance recognition and recall, the two essential memory aspects of cognition in scanning. Using mobility tools to train physical functions, for example, orthotics and stimulators to brace or enhance spastic positions. Finally, I would prefer regular stretching of limbs and muscles to enhance spasticity and build posture helpful in preventing falls during occupational therapy.
Levitt, S., & Addison, A. (2018). Treatment of cerebral palsy and motor delay. John Wiley & Sons.
Mulfari, D., Minnolo, A. L., & Puliafito, A. (2017, June). Wearable Devices and IoT as Enablers of Assistive Technologies. In2017 10th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE) (pp. 14-19). IEEE.